Hair Transplant Surgery
Modern hair transplantation is easy to understand. The donor area (the back of the hair) is where the air roots are found in abundance. They are then removed and placed in the thin, balding areas at the top and front of the head (the receiver area). This hair grows from “root”.
Two Kinds of Hair Transplant Procedures:
- This is the first step in which the hair roots are removed from the sides and back of the scalp using a thin STRIP. Follicular Unit Transplantation is also known as FUT.
- This is the second step, where hair roots are taken from both the sides and back of the scalp. Follicular Unit Extraction is also known as FUE.
Hair Transplant detailed description of the procedure:
The consultation begins with the patient meeting with a hair surgeon. The consultation will include an evaluation of the patient’s hair loss, a review of the risks and benefits, and the creation and implementation of a plan. The patient makes an appointment for hair-transplant surgery and pays a first non-refundable payment.
The patient arrives at our Philadelphia Office in comfortable clothes such as jeans and a T-shirt on the day of hair transplant surgery. After the plan has been reviewed, photographs are taken. The lines will be drawn to mark the areas that will receive the hair follicles. Then, more pictures will be taken.
Risks and Benefits of Hair Transplant
After discussing the risks and benefits of the procedure, the patient is then given a consent form that they can review and sign. The patient is then taken into the procedure room where a mild sedative is administered.
The scalp and hair are then cleaned and disinfected. The back hair will be gently combed up and taped. The back hair will be shaved with an electric razor.
After the skin has been exposed, Dr. Feller and Dr. Bloxham will anesthetize the area with local anesthetics. Then, a strip of hair-bearing tissue is removed.
The Strip Method
The staff will take the skin strip into a dissection room to carefully remove the hair roots and prepare them for implantation. If the patient is having FUE, there will be no need to remove the skin or use sutures (staples). Tiny holes will be made in the donor region of less than 1.0mm.
Follicular Units (or the strip) will be placed under microscopes by a team of fully-trained technicians.
The patient is then repositioned in the chair. Next, local anesthetics are applied to the area that is bald or thinned. The skin will become numb after a few minutes. Next, the doctor will create hundreds to thousands of small slits. The doctor will usually make slits less than 1 mm long and at the right angle and depth to achieve the best results.
The patient receiving a hair transplant feels nothing, and is often watching TV while the grafts under magnification are being placed one at a time into the skin.
It looks like the patient has pimples all over his head, which are the scabs from the hair grafts. The grafts are usually safe under the skin and can be re-healed within four days. Most people would not know that a transplant was just completed.
The sutures are removed and the patient is allowed to return to Philadelphia after about one week. The surrounding hair can conceal the fine line scar. The top transplanted hair should continue to grow for a few more weeks before going into a sleep phase.
No follow-up visit is necessary if the patient has had an FUE operation.
Most patients will notice a change in their hair by the fourth month. The patient will return to the office in the sixth or seventh months for more pictures. The patient’s hair will continue to grow naturally over the course of their lives. It can be treated in the same way as the original. It will grow back naturally, no matter how you cut it or pull it.